After a decade and a half, human pluripotent stem cell research has been normalized. There may be no consensus on the status of the embryo — only a tacit agreement to disagree — but the debate now takes place in a context in which human stem cell research and related technologies already exist. In this book, Charis Thompson investigates the evolution of the controversy over human pluripotent stem cell research in the United States and proposes a new ethical approach for “good science.” Thompson traces political, ethical, and scientific developments that came together in what she characterizes as a “procurial” framing of innovation, based on concern with procurement of pluripotent cells and cell lines, a pro-cures mandate, and a proliferation of bio-curatorial practices. Thompson describes what she calls the “ethical choreography” that allowed research to go on as the controversy continued. The intense ethical attention led to some important discoveries as scientists attempted to “invent around” ethical roadblocks. Some ethical concerns were highly legible; but others were hard to raise in the dominant procurial framing that allowed government funding for the practice of stem cell research to proceed despite controversy. Thompson broadens the debate to include such related topics as animal and human research subjecthood and altruism. Looking at fifteen years of stem cell debate and discoveries, Thompson argues that good science and good ethics are mutually reinforcing, rather than antithetical, in contemporary biomedicine.
People’s Science uncovers the tension between scientific innovation and social equality, taking the reader inside California’s 2004 stem cell initiative, the first of many state referenda on scientific research, to consider the lives it has affected. Benjamin reveals the promise and peril of public participation in science, illuminating issues of race, disability, gender, and socio-economic class that serve to define certain groups as more or less deserving in their political aims and biomedical hopes. Under the shadow of the free market and in a nation still at odds with universal healthcare, the socially marginalized are often eagerly embraced as test-subjects, yet often are unable to afford new medicines and treatment regimes as patients.
Ultimately, Ruha Benjamin argues that without more deliberate consideration about how scientific initiatives can and should reflect a wider array of social concerns, stem cell research— from African Americans’ struggle with sickle cell treatment to the recruitment of women as tissue donors—still risks excluding many. Even as regenerative medicine is described as a participatory science for the people, Benjamin asks us to consider if “the people” ultimately reflects our democratic ideals.
Begin to see positive changes overnight with our powerful anti-oxidant, anti-aging serum. C.S. Citrusome® is now formulated with a new plant stem cell science and stabilized Vitamin C. When combined with our patent-pending micronized liposome technology for deep penetration, it is a powerful cell activator and anti-oxidant which helps prevent skin damage caused by free radicals. It is the night-time secret to premature aging. The stabilized Vitamin C slowly releases the healthy benefits of Vitamin C while stimulating the skin’s regenerative action, which prevents the appearance of pigmentation and increases skin’s brightness, helping to create a more youthful looking complexion.
This potent blend stimulates skin’s regenerative action as Vitamins E and A battle oxidative stress to promote firmer, younger-looking skin while you sleep.
- * A powerful anti-oxidant, anti-aging serum.
- * Recommended for all skin types.
- * Vitamin C creates a powerful anti-oxidant effect on cell membranes.
- * Stimulates skins regenerative action.
- * Revitalizes skin while you sleep.